In India, MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) is a undergraduate professional degree course pursued by individuals aspiring to become doctors. Here’s a brief description of the MBBS course and its criteria:

  1. Duration: MBBS is a five and a half year course, including a one-year compulsory rotating internship.
  2. Eligibility Criteria:- Age: Generally, candidates should be at least 17 years old at the time of admission.

   – Educational Qualifications: Candidates must have completed 10+2 or equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology, and English as core subjects.



– Minimum Marks: Candidates usually need to secure at least 50% aggregate marks in PCB (Physics, Chemistry, Biology) subjects in their 10+2 exams. However, specific eligibility criteria may vary between colleges and states.


  1. Entrance Exams: Admission to most MBBS programs in India is through entrance exams. Some of the prominent ones include:

   – NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test): Conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA), NEET is the primary entrance exam for MBBS admissions in India.

   – AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Sciences) Entrance Exam: AIIMS conducts its own entrance exam for admission to its MBBS program.


  1. Course Structure:

   – Pre-clinical Phase (1.5 years): Basic medical sciences including Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry.

   – Para-clinical Phase (1 year): Subjects like Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Forensic Medicine.

   – Clinical Phase (2 years): Clinical rotations in various departments such as Medicine, Surgery, Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Psychiatry, etc.

   – Compulsory Rotating Internship (1 year): After completing the academic curriculum, students undergo a one-year internship where they gain hands-on experience in different specialties under the supervision of senior doctors.


  1. Curriculum: The curriculum is designed to provide students with a strong foundation in medical sciences, clinical skills, and patient care.


  1. 6. Affiliation and Recognition: MBBS courses are offered by medical colleges that are affiliated with recognized universities or institutions, and the degrees awarded are recognized by the Medical Council of India (MCI), now known as the National Medical Commission (NMC).


  1. Career Opportunities: Upon completion of MBBS, graduates can pursue various career paths including specialization through postgraduate courses (MD/MS), clinical practice, research, teaching, public health, etc.


Overall, MBBS is a rigorous course that equips students with the necessary knowledge and skills to practice medicine ethically and competently.